This is a protected decaying orchid species. In the Peszér-forest we can find it more often in the closed oak groves.
The bird’s nest orchid (Neottia nidus-avis) is a chlorophyll-free, plant species that parasites on fungi. The bird’s nest orchid is a herbaceous, perennial plant 20-30 cm tall. From its horizontally growing rootstock (rhizome) in the soil, a number of short, chunky roots grow, making it resemble a bird’s nest; hence the name of the plant.
It opens in May-June.
Its seeds ripen by August. It attracts pollinating insects with nectar produced by honeydew. It is mainly pollinated by flies and other dicotyledons. If pollination is missed, after a while the crumbling pollen pack (pollinium) falls on the pistil, i.e. self-pollination takes place. Sometimes the shoot does not even get out from under the ground, it blooms in the soil and pollinates itself.
Photo by Judit Hartdégen and Arnold Erdélyi, May 2019